Located on the left side of the upper valley of the river Sabato, on the north-western slopes of Mount Terminio, Serino enjoys a favorable geographical position.
It is included in the mountain community of "Serinese-Solofrana" and in the Regional Natural Park of Picentini.
The territory, classified as a mountain area, is characterized by the imposing Terminio, on the sides of one another there are forests of oaks, chestnut trees, majestic beech woods and meadow extensions; at lower altitudes, being favored by the conformation of the soil and the abundance of water, there are alternate crops, vineyards, orchards and olive groves as well as modest extensions of riparian vegetation (poplars, willows and Neapolitan alders).
The River Sabato and two other small streams move across the land: the Vallone delle barre and the Torrente Ferrarese. Moreover in the municipal area copious sources of karst gush, which allowed, in the first century AD, the construction of an aqueduct of which are visible some remains in the nearby town of Santa Lucia di Serino. The local waters are still used for the water supply of the city of Naples and several municipalities in the Campania region.
The natural environment, largely immune from human actions, favors the survival of rare or extinct wildlife species, such as wolves, wild cats, wild boars and, among birds, the ravens.
The town lies along a foothills valley.
It a country with ancient origins, formed by twenty-four villages, where reality fades and everything becomes memory, history.
Probably built in the Lombard period, after the split from the Duchy of Benevento (839 AD), the town was inserted in the principality of Salerno. Cited in Norman times as the CASTRUM SERINI, it belonged to the Saracena and De Tivilla families; it raised as royal castle during the Sveva domination (1203), and it was assigned in 1284 to the Della Marra family and remained among their possessions until the XV century; then it passed to the Della Tolfa family and in the XVI century it became property of the powerful Caracciolo family, who held it until 1806, the year of the feudal rights in southern Italy.
The name Sabato probably derives from religious cults in Asia, spread to Italy from Ind-European populations, such as the Pelasgi, who settled in the vicinity of the river and they worshiped the Cabiri, deities of Greek civilization, to which god Sabazio is refered , the nickname given to the divine Bacco di Tracia.
The origins of Serino are researched in the mysterious Sabatia city, whose inhabitants, in all probability, in the mid-second century BC, found refuge in the area where the city center now stands.
Serino is a jealous guardian of a significant historical and religious heritage.
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